What is Neurofeedback?

What is Neurofeedback?

What is Neurofeedback?

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The science of neurofeedback and the neurofeedback process is not new. In fact, it has been the subject of significant research for several decades. This vital research into the applications of neurofeedback shows its effectiveness as a treatment for a wide variety of conditions, including epilepsy, depressive and anxiety disorders, addictive disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and traumatic brain injury and stroke, among many others.1


Using non-invasive neurometrics, neurofeedback therapy uses brain waves to create a brain map. Brain mapping and brain imaging are used to understand how the brain works and where certain functions can be improved.

What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback is a process that uses EEG and neuro training to directly train brain function. A series of electrodes are used to monitor brain waves, and they return a feedback signal based on the brain’s cognitive activity. In most cases, the signal is audio and/or video. Depending on the desirability of brain activities, either positive or negative feedback is produced.

Neurofeedback helps the brain learn to function efficiently by examining how it currently functions. Neurofeedback is also referred to as EEG biofeedback because the results are based on electrical brain activity or EEG.2 As visual representations (qEEG) of brain function are returned through EEG technology. A brain map (or brain imaging) is then created, helping both the patient and provider learn more about how neurofeedback can aid in injury or illness treatment.

Types of Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback is not a singular process. Seven types of neurofeedback are used for the detection and treatment of various disorders.3

Frequency/Power Neurofeedback

Frequency/power neurofeedback is the most frequently used form of neurofeedback. It is also referred to as surface neurofeedback due to the type and number of electrodes used on analysis. This type of neurofeedback is used to treat symptoms related to insomnia, anxiety, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Low-Energy Neurofeedback System

A low-energy neurofeedback system (LENS) is used to change a patient’s brain waves while they are motionless with their eyes closed. This type of neurofeedback has been used successfully to treat insomnia, fibromyalgia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), traumatic brain injuries, and various mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, and anger disorders. Additionally, live Z-score neurofeedback is also successfully used to treat insomnia symptoms.

Other Types of Neurofeedback Technology

Slow cortical potential neurofeedback is used to treat migraines, epilepsy, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). HEG or Hemoencephalographic neurofeedback is used to treat chronic migraine conditions, depression, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).4 Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is the newest type of neurofeedback and is used to regulate brain activity in the subcortical areas of the brain.

How Can Neurofeedback Help in Addiction Treatment?

Studies have shown neurofeedback training has a positive effect on those trying to overcome substance use disorders.5 Long-term drug addiction has a significant impact on brain wave patterns and the user’s EEG results. Additionally, symptoms of addiction, including cravings and urges to use, could be reduced in patients addicted to alcohol and various drugs like cocaine and opioids. Neurofeedback can also help alter symptom effects for other behavioral disorders such as gambling addictions.

What is Neurofeedback Therapy?

Neurofeedback therapy or EEG (electroencephalogram) biofeedback is a therapeutic intervention that uses non-invasive neurometrics to examine brainwave activity. The results of the scan are then used to reorganize or retrain brain function. By responding to auditory or visual cues, patients learn to improve and regulate brain function, helping alleviate symptoms associated with mental health conditions and traumatic brain injury.

Who Would Benefit from Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback can be beneficial for treating a wide variety of brain disorders ranging from injury-related conditions to mental health struggles. Neurofeedback is a highly safe form of treatment as it accomplishes treatment goals without the need for medications or invasive procedures6.


Depending on one’s specific treatment needs, providers trained in neurofeedback practice use types of neurofeedback to treat different physical and mental health disorders that directly impact brain function. Additionally, providers can customize neurofeedback treatments according to a patient’s specific brain patterns, allowing for more accurate treatments.


Neurofeedback is not limited to use in brain injury or mental health disorder treatment. The neurofeedback process can be used by healthy individuals as well as to improve performance (ex. athletic performance), lower stress, and increase attention levels. In addition, neurofeedback is frequently used by executives, musicians, and athletes to sharpen skills and capabilities related to their field or specialty.

How to Prepare for Neurofeedback?

To get the most out of a neurofeedback session, it is essential to be comfortable with the process. Remember to ask your provider any questions you have about the process and be open about your questions and concerns at all points during your first appointment.


Additionally, if you take any medications, continue to do so unless directed otherwise. Do not make any medication changes without first contacting your provider, as it could harm your health. Drink plenty of water before and after your session, and you may consider bringing a driver with you to your appointment. In some cases, patients feel tired after their session and may not feel comfortable driving.7

Does Insurance Cover Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback is covered under most insurance plans as biofeedback. It is important to discuss with your medical provider and your insurance company what treatments are available at your specific coverage level. This discussion will help to minimize financial difficulties after treatment.

Why Choose J. Flowers for Neurofeedback?

J. Flowers Health Institute in Houston, Texas, provides a wide range of neurofeedback treatment programs. In our luxurious facility, you can expect to receive a comprehensive diagnostic review of your symptoms. It is vital to understand the areas of the body, mind, and spirit that are not working together to provide the most holistic version of health. No matter your treatment needs, our highly skilled team puts privacy and a focus on your overall health and well-being first.

To learn more about neurofeedback therapy and how it may benefit yourself or a loved one, contact J. Flowers Health in Houston, Texas today.