Psychotic Disorders Diagnosis and Treatment
Learn about the various psychotic disorders, their causes, symptoms, diagnoses, and treatments.
Table of Contents
What Are Psychotic Disorders?
Psychotic disorders are relatively rare and can be severe. It’s challenging to know what to do when you or someone you love is experiencing a psychotic disorder. This comprehensive guide to psychotic disorders will teach you about diagnosing and treating these serious mental health conditions.
Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia, are serious mental disorders that involve delusions and hallucinations. For someone with a psychotic disorder, the individual essentially loses their ability to distinguish between what is real and what is not.1
How Common Are Psychotic Disorders?
Psychosis, a symptom of a psychiatric illness or disorder, is significantly more common than most people realize. In the United States, about one hundred thousand young people struggle with psychosis per year. Additionally, approximately three out of every one hundred people will have an episode of psychosis during their lifetime.2
Types of Psychotic Disorders
Schizoaffective disorder is a rare mental health condition that exhibits similar symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorders or depression. Genetics, brain chemistry, stress, and substance use are thought to contribute to the development of schizoaffective disorder. When a person is diagnosed with this disorder, they could be classified as bipolar or depressive type. Treatment generally involves medications such as antipsychotics, antidepressants, and mood stabilizers. Psychotherapy and self-management are effective methods for treating schizoaffective disorder.4
Brief Psychotic Disorder
Substance-Induced Psychotic Disorder
Psychotic Disorder Due to a Medical Condition
Psychotic Disorders Causes and Risk Factors
Causes of Psychotic Disorders
Genetics are thought to contribute as a cause of psychotic disorders. Though, research has found that just because an individual has a genetic predisposition does not necessarily mean they will develop a psychotic disorder.
Environmental causes of psychotic disorders can include childhood trauma, death, assault, and violence.
Other Possible Causes
Other possible causes of psychotic disorders could be substance use, physical illness, or mental health conditions.
Diagnosis and Symptoms of Psychotic Disorders
Psychotic Disorders Symptoms
- Hallucinations: When a person hallucinates, they feel, see, or hear things that aren’t there. For instance, an individual may experience auditory hallucinations in the form of hearing voices.
- Delusions: Delusions are the second significant experience when a person is struggling with psychosis. A delusion can seem irrational, unlikely, and inconsistent with the person’s cultural beliefs. For example, beliefs that someone is controlling you or that you are controlling others with special powers.
- Other Possible Symptoms: Gradual changes in thoughts or perceptions, withdrawal from loved ones, trouble thinking clearly, and an unusual decline in self-care are additional symptoms associated with psychosis.
Diagnosis of Psychosis
Psychotic Disorders Treatment
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