Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
What is the carpal tunnel syndrome test? Read on to learn more about carpal tunnel syndrome, its symptoms, and available treatment options.
Table of Contents
What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the compression of the median nerve in the palm. When the median nerve, which travels from the palm to the forearm, is pinched or compressed at the wrist, it triggers the development of carpal tunnel disease.
What is the Carpal Tunnel?
- Carpal Bones: The eight irregular small bones that form the wrist and connect the forearm and the hand are called the carpal bones. The eight carpal bones are separated into two rows: proximal and distal. Most of the wrist’s skeletal structure is composed of these bones.
- Ligament: The strong bands of fibrous tissue that hold the bones together to articulate the joints properly are called ligaments. The thickening of the transverse carpal ligament can cause carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Median Nerve: The median nerve is the arm’s sensory and motor nerve. The median nerve controls movement in the hand, forearm, and wrist. The median nerve also conveys temperature, touch, and pain sensations to the brain from the lower arm and hand. Carpal tunnel syndrome may result from a pinched median nerve.
- Tendons: The tendons are strong, flexible cord tissues like a rope. Tendons protect muscles from damage by cushioning some of the impacts that movements like running and other activities place on the muscles. Tendon swelling and inflammation can lead to carpal tunnel syndrome.
What Causes Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Often, it is impossible to pinpoint just one cause of CTS. The ailment is caused by various circumstances that strain the tendons and median nerve in the carpal tunnel. Factors that can cause CTS include injury or trauma to the wrist, such as:
- Bone fracture
- Fluid retention during pregnancy
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Use of vibrating hand equipment regularly
- The formation of a cyst or tumor in the carpal tunnel.
Does Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Only Happen to Office Workers or Factory Workers?
What Are the Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal tunnel symptoms include:
- Weakness when gripping objects with one or both hands
- Pain or numbness in one or both hands
- “Pins and needles” feeling in the fingers
- Swollen feeling in the fingers
- Tingling or burning in the index, thumb, and middle fingers
- Pain or numbness that increases at night, interrupting sleep
Who is at Risk for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Extreme Wrist Motions
Wrist Fracture and Dislocation
Hand or Wrist Deformity
Malformation of the bones in the hand can strain the carpal tunnel in the wrist, and this can cause CTS. There are several types of hand and wrist deformities.
How is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Diagnosed?
Wrist Flexion Test (or Phalen test)
Electromyography (EMG) and Nerve Conduction Studies
EMG and NCS electrodiagnostic testing aid in carpal tunnel diagnosis. An EMG measures the electrical activity of muscles. EMG readings can determine nerve or muscle damage. Electrodes are attached to the wrist and hand during a nerve conduction investigation.
Does Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Have a Long Recovery?
The length of recovery depends on the carpal tunnel symptom treatment method used. After having carpal tunnel release surgery, recovery can take weeks or even months. Recovery may take even longer if the nerve has been compressed for a long period.
What is the Success Rate for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Surgery?
How Can I Prevent Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
- When using hand tools, keep the wrist straight.
- Avoid curling and over-extending the wrists.
- Take rests when performing hard, repetitive hand tasks that compress the median nerve
- Observe and treat medical issues related to carpal tunnel syndrome as necessary.
What is the Long-Term Outlook for Carpal Tunnel Surgery?
Get Treatment for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome at J. Flowers Health Institute
Consult J. Flowers Health Institute experts if you or a loved one has symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. With an unwavering focus on whole-person health and wellness, J. Flowers Health Institute provides the future of healthcare. Experts use the most recent methods and therapies at JflowersHealth to assist you in managing and curing your carpal tunnel syndrome.