Successful Strategies and Treatments for Chronic Back Pain

Learn more about the different treatments for chronic back pain and how to find a treatment center near you.

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Chronic pain is a prevalent and often debilitating condition. Unfortunately, for several reasons, it is an increasingly common problem in the world today. There are several manifestations of chronic pain, one of the most common being chronic back pain

What to Expect from This Article

In this comprehensive article, we’ll talk about chronic back pain and its symptoms. Next, we’ll consider the types of chronic back pain and the risk factors for developing it. We’ll also explore various current effective treatments for chronic back pain. 

Are you experiencing chronic back pain? Maybe you’re just looking to learn more about treatments for chronic back pain. Regardless of the case, read on to find out everything you need to know about treatments for chronic back pain.

What is Chronic Back Pain?

This condition is defined as back pain persisting for twelve weeks or longer. This is even after an initial injury or underlying cause of acute low back pain has been treated.1

It is a widespread health issue, impacting millions of people worldwide. It has also been discovered to cause considerable disability and loss of productivity.

What Causes Chronic Back Pain?

The complexity of chronic back pain is rooted in its potential causes. These causes can vary from person to person. Some people may experience chronic back pain as a result of a single injury or event, such as a slipped disc, fracture, or accident.

But, for many others, chronic back pain develops over time due to several factors, such as aging, wear and tear, and sedentary lifestyles. Poor posture and or underlying medical conditions also play a part in causing chronic back pain.

More Than Just a Physical Experience

It’s important to acknowledge that chronic back pain isn’t merely a physical experience. The persistent pain and the limitations it imposes can lead to psychological distress. It can also cause conditions like depression and anxiety. This makes chronic back pain a biopsychosocial issue.

Chronic back pain can manifest in various ways – it can be constant or intermittent. It can stay in one place or radiate to other areas. It might be a dull ache, or it might feel sharp or stabbing.

Common Causes of Chronic Back Pain

Below are some common conditions that can cause chronic back pain:

Degenerative Disc Disease

This condition occurs when the intervertebral discs, which act as cushions between the vertebrae in your spine, start to break down due to wear and tear or aging.

Herniated Disc

This is also known as a slipped or ruptured disc. It happens when the inner gel-like substance of an intervertebral disc protrudes through the disc’s outer layer. This can irritate nearby nerves and cause pain.

Spinal Stenosis

This condition involves a narrowing of the spinal canal. This can put pressure on the nerves traveling through the spine, resulting in pain.2


This form of arthritis involves the degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bone. It is most common in middle age and older adults. When it affects the spine, it can lead to chronic back pain.


This is a disorder characterized by:

  • Widespread musculoskeletal pain

  • Fatigue

  • Tenderness in localized areas

Treatments For Chronic Back Pain: Symptoms of Chronic Back Pain

Chronic back pain can present a wide range of symptoms. Recognizing these signs is critical to obtaining the right treatments for chronic back pain. The symptoms vary from person to person. They depend on the underlying cause and the specific part of the back that’s affected. 

Here are some common symptoms of chronic back pain:

Persistent Ache or Stiffness

One of the most common symptoms of chronic back pain is a persistent ache or stiffness anywhere along the spine, from the base of the neck to the tailbone. 

Understanding the exact nature and location of this discomfort is crucial for identifying the most appropriate treatments for chronic back pain.

Sharp, Localized Pain

Some people might experience sharp pain in a particular area. This occurs most often when:

  • Twisting
  • Bending sideways
  • Lifting an object

This type of pain is often linked to musculoskeletal injuries or disc disorders. It can be managed through treatments for chronic back pain, like physical therapy.

Radiating Pain

Chronic back pain can sometimes manifest as radiating pain that extends from the lower back into the buttocks, thighs, or even down to the feet. This type of pain is often associated with conditions like herniated discs or sciatica. 

There are specialized treatments for chronic back pain of this nature. These include medication and physiotherapy.

Muscle Spasms or Tightness

Recurring muscle spasms or tightness in the back can be a sign of chronic back pain. These symptoms can be addressed with various treatments for chronic back pain to improve flexibility and strength.

Reduced Mobility

Difficulty standing or walking, or reduced range of motion, can also be symptoms of chronic back pain. Treatments for chronic back pain aimed at improving mobility. 


They may involve physical therapy and exercises to enhance flexibility and strength. They may also involve lifestyle modifications.

Pain That Worsens After Sitting or Standing

If back pain intensifies after sitting or standing for prolonged periods, it can be a symptom of chronic back pain.3 Several treatments for chronic back pain, like physiotherapy, can help reduce this type of pain.

Pain that Improves with Reclining

Some people with chronic back pain might find relief when lying down or reclining. While this position may provide temporary relief, it’s vital to seek treatments for chronic back pain to address the underlying cause. Treatments will also help prevent the worsening of the condition.

Neurological Symptoms

Chronic back pain can sometimes be accompanied by symptoms like:

  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Weakness in the buttocks, legs, or feet

These are serious symptoms that need immediate medical attention. 

Important Note About Symptoms

Remember, effective treatments for chronic back pain begin with a comprehensive understanding of the symptoms and their underlying causes. 

Always consult with a healthcare professional if you’re experiencing any of these symptoms to get a precise diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

Treatments For Chronic Back Pain: Chronic Back Pain Risk Factors

Chronic back pain can be influenced by a number of risk factors. These risk factors are elements that increase the likelihood of developing the condition. 


Understanding these factors can help in early identification and prevention. It can also guide in formulating personalized treatment plans. 

Some of the main risk factors for chronic back pain include:


As we age, our bodies naturally undergo degenerative changes. The spine is no exception, with conditions like osteoarthritis, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease becoming more common with increasing age.

Occupational Hazards

Jobs that require heavy lifting, pulling, pushing, or twisting of the spine can increase the risk of developing chronic back pain. 


Similarly, a job or a lifestyle that involves prolonged sitting, particularly without proper back support, can also contribute to the condition.4

Physical Fitness Level

Lack of regular exercise leads to weak back and core muscles, which do not sufficiently support the spine. This can lead to chronic back pain. Regular exercise can help prevent or relieve chronic back pain.

Body Weight

Being overweight or obese increases the strain on the back and can lead to chronic back pain. Maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular physical activity can reduce the risk of developing chronic back pain.


Certain causes of back pain, including disc disorders, have a genetic component. If your family has a history of back pain or related conditions, you may be at a higher risk.

Psychological Conditions

Chronic back pain can be associated with conditions like:

These psychological factors can also affect the body’s physiological response to pain.


Smoking impairs blood flow. This results in reduced nutrient and oxygen supply to the discs in the spine. This leads to premature degeneration and the potential for pain.

Underlying Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions can increase the risk of chronic back pain. These include:

  • Arthritis conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis
  • Cancer
  • Infections
  • Osteoporosis
  • Neurological conditions

Previous Back Injury or Surgery

Having had a previous back injury or surgery increases the risk of chronic pain. This is possibly due to changes in the anatomy or function of the spine.

Understanding these risk factors is key to preventing chronic back pain when possible and managing it effectively when it does occur. The treatment plan should be multifaceted, targeting not just the pain itself, but also addressing these risk factors.

treatments for chronic back pain

Common Effective Treatments For Chronic Back Pain

Chronic back pain can be a challenging condition to manage. But, a variety of effective treatments for chronic back pain exist. 

These treatments can help to:

  • Reduce pain
  • Improve function
  • Enhance the quality of life

Some of the most common and effective treatments for chronic back pain include the following:

Physical Therapy and Exercise

This is often the cornerstone of treatments for chronic back pain. A physical therapist can design a personalized exercise regimen that:

  • Strengthens your core
  • Improves your posture
  • Enhances your flexibility
  • Promotes spinal health

This helps to reduce chronic back pain. 

Pain Medication

This includes over-the-counter pain relievers like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen. They are often used treatments for chronic back pain. For more severe pain, your doctor may prescribe stronger medications.

It’s essential, however, to use these drugs under the supervision of a healthcare provider. This is because they can potentially cause serious side effects.

Epidural Injections

These are injections of corticosteroids into the space around the spinal nerves. They can reduce inflammation and provide temporary relief. This makes them an effective option among treatments for chronic back pain. This is especially true for pain radiating to the legs.

Antidepressants and Anticonvulsants

Certain antidepressants and anticonvulsants are used as treatments for chronic back pain. These can help reduce nerve pain. Some antidepressants can also enhance the body’s natural painkilling responses.

Manual Therapies

These include chiropractic care and osteopathic manipulation. They are hands-on treatments for chronic back pain that can improve mobility and reduce pain. They are especially effective in conjunction with other treatments.

Mind-Body Therapies

This includes techniques like:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Mindfulness
  • Meditation
  • Biofeedback

They help change the perception of pain and reduce the stress and anxiety associated with chronic back pain. These therapies are becoming increasingly recognized as effective treatments for chronic back pain.

Nerve Blocks

If specific nerves are identified as the pain source, treatments for chronic back pain can include injections to block the pain signal from those nerves.


In some cases, when other treatments for chronic back pain have not provided relief, surgery might be considered.

Complementary Therapies

Treatments for chronic back pain can also include complementary therapies like acupuncture, massage, and yoga. These approaches can help:

  • Reduce pain
  • Increase function
  • Promote a sense of well-being

Each of these treatments for chronic back pain offers potential benefits, but also potential risks or side effects. Therefore, the choice of treatment should be individualized.

Explore J. Flowers Health Institute Treatments For Chronic Back Pain

Are you looking for effective treatments for chronic back pain? If you are, then J. Flowers Health Institute has a team of experts ready to help you heal.

At J. Flowers Health Institute, we provide a holistic and personalized approach to treatments for chronic back pain. Our approach is rooted in the understanding that chronic back pain is a complex condition, one that requires more than a one-size-fits-all solution. 

As such, we offer several evidence-based therapies, all of which will be tailored to your specific needs. We also integrate psychological support into our treatment plans.

Contact J. Flowers Health Institute Today

We’re committed to helping you navigate your journey toward pain relief and improved health. Reach out to us today, and let us help you get better and lead the happy, healthy, and fulfilling life you deserve.